Glossary of terms

LAMINATING

A thin plastic film adhered to printed sheets to give protection and/or a special finish for design purposes. Laminating is available in gloss, matt or silk finishes.

LANDSCAPE

A term for any job where the width of the item is greater than the height.

LASER COMPATIBLE PAPER

An uncoated paper produced specifically for use on items which need to subsequently be laser printed. Should be specified in all cases where this is a criteria to reduce problems during lasering.

LOOP STITCHING

A variation of saddle stitching using shaped wire staples which can be used to secure the finished job in a ring binder.

MACHINE VARNISH

A varnish applied to the printed sheet to protect or seal against scuffing and marking and which can have either a gloss or matt finish.

MATT (OR SILK) COATED PAPER

An art paper which has received a surface coating to give a smooth, matt finish. Matt papers are in essence exactly the same as gloss papers, but have less pressure applied during the polishing aspect of manufacture (known as calendaring) to give the slightly rougher, less shiny finished surface.

MATT VARNISHES

A varnish applied to printed literature to protect against scuffing and marking, giving a matt finish.

METALLICS

A new printing process which allows us to print upwards of 250 different metallic colours in 1 pass of a 5 colour press (See page 10 for more information)

ORIGINATION

A generic term for all processes involved in the production of a job prior to it reaching the printing presses. This includes typesetting, artworking, plate production and proofing.

OVERS

The extra printed products delivered to a customer over and above the net amount ordered, resulting from the consumption of less waste during the production processes than was anticipated.

PANTONE MATCHING SYSTEM (PMS)

International system of designating colour for printing, where specific colours are given unique reference numbers. These numbers are prefixed with C for coated stock and U for uncoated. Note that the same colour will print differently on gloss coated, matt coated and uncoated papers.

PAPER STRETCH

A problem which may occur during printing where the actual size of the paper may be altered by the effects of humidity and temperature. Can cause problems with fit and registration if not carefully monitored and compensated for during printing.

PERFECT BINDING

A binding method where gathered text sections are held together with glue worked into the gaps between the different sections at the spine. The bound edge is usually concealed by a drawn-on cover.

PORTRAIT

A term for any job where the height of the item is greater than the width.

PRINTING PLATE

A metal plate carrying the image to be printed, used in the offset lithography printing process. It is important to realise that each colour in a printing job requires a separate plate.

PROCESS COLOURS

The colours which make up full colour printing: Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black.

PROOF

A printed sample of work to be checked for errors in text, positioning or quality of colour reproduction. There are three main types PDF, digital and wet proofs.

PRINT HD

(High Definition Printing) With our unique method we are able to produce print that, to the normal human eye, gives the impression of continuous tone printing.

RAM DIECUTTING

A finishing process whereby shaped edges are cut into multi-page documents using hardened steel cutting formes, or in to single leaves if produced in large quantities.

RESOLUTION

Refers to the degree of detail in an image. It is usually measured in dots per inch (dpi) or lines per inch (lpi). The higher the resolution the greater the dpi.

SADDLE STITCHING

A method of binding where the folded sections of a brochure are held together using metal wire to form staples punched through the fold of the spine.

SET OFF

This is the unintentional transfer of wet ink from one printed sheet to another during the printing process.

SHEET FED PRESS

Printing presses on which the paper to be printed is fed in as individual sheets, albeit in a continuous stream. They are suitable for all types of commercial printing, particularly high quality work. 350